Jute – the cheapest natural fibre
For a long time a jute have not created positive associations. Currently, this natural fibre is becoming more and more popular. At least therefore that this material is environmentally friendly. Jute is the name of plant fibres, made from the Indian tree with the Latin name “corchorus”, belonging to the lime family. Today, this term is defined for the fibres of plant origin, made from various types of jute (corchorus, mainly corchorus capsularis or corchorus olitorius). Jute trees grow in the moist, hot and tropical climates, reaching up to four meters high. At first glance this tree looks like a big cabbage. The jute fibres are made from the stems of this tree. Heretofore about 80% of jute, which is used around the world, is still growing in India. It is also growing in China, Algeria and Brazil.
Production of jute
After picking the plant, during a special process called retting, leathery fibres are obtained. Then they are washed and dried. Jute is not only the second most popular fibre after cotton. Jute is also the cheapest of all plant fibres.
Application of jute
The jute fibres are used for produced of characteristic jute bags, but also carpets, curtains and other textiles used in interiors, such as upholstery of leisure furniture. Very few people know that jute is an important component of linoleum (serves as a carrier material). Moreover, in some countries, jute leaves are eaten as a vegetable. At the time when environmental awareness is fashionable, we hear more and more often about jute, and actually about bags and sacks that are environmentally friendly alternative to other bags. Jute decorated with amusing prints is not only accompanied by the fashionably dressed young women during the shopping, but also during visiting the most favourite pubs. In addition to ecological values, which undoubtedly have this textile, it has one more advantage – the price. You can buy a jute bag with fancy printing for a few zlotys.
Jute instead of plastic
Why do people exhort each other to ecological thinking during the shopping? In the case of jute is the fact that it is a relatively fast renewable resource. In contrast to the plastic degrades after some time,
it is also biodegradable.
Jute to the rescue
In the future, jute will even be able to help in saving human life. In areas at risk of earthquakes, where people can not afford to build earthquake-resistant buildings, lining of jute will strengthen stability in the event of shocks. Young architects conducted the successful tests, during which the walls of traditional houses were decorated with wallpaper made of natural fibres – jute and hemp. lining of this textiles clearly improved the stability of the walls. This could not only save human lives, but also contribute to environmental protection. Up to the present this type of pads were manufactured from carbon fibres, which are much more expensive – approx. 120.00 PLN per square meter, while the cost of one square meter of jute is about 1.60 PLN. Thanks to it people could properly protect from effects of earthquakes. Equally promising is the project of Centre for Environmental Research and Environmental Technology at the University of Bremen. Using jute bags they intend to turn desert areas into fertile soils. More than 250 million people around the world is threatened by desertification of soils that form the basis of their existence. And what the jute sacks have to do with it? The sacks are filled with a mixture of compost, sand and hydrogel and other materials, which can collect water in quantities hundred times larger than its own weight.